We have all been students at some point in our lives, and we have all had many teachers. Some we could not stand, others really stood out. But what are the qualities that make someone a good teacher? This question has been explored by educational psychologists for a long time, and in this article we will talk about the conclusions they have reached.
Before we start talking about the qualities needed to be a good teacher, we should admit that we are talking here about one of the most difficult professions that exists. Education and training methods require intelligence and precision, and it is not easy to know them and know how to use them. And that’s not the only problem a teacher has; they also need to know how to deal with students and all their characteristics!
The qualities of a good teacher
Studies have shown that the quality of education increases when the teacher meets the following criteria:
Competence in the subject area : It is important that the teacher has good control of the subject they are to teach. Of course, this knowledge is more than just expressions, facts and concepts. Having the ideas organized and understanding how they are interconnected is also necessary. It is also important for the teacher to be able to discuss all aspects of the topic and to use that knowledge in other areas.
Instructional strategies : To teach well, appropriate strategies must be used. Today, the best strategies are considered constructive. With these, the student is seen as a little theorist who builds his own world. Therefore, the strategies used must stimulate the student to explore, discover and think critically.
Objectives and pedagogical planning : Effective teachers do not improvise. They set specific goals for their teaching and make plans to achieve them. Good planning takes a lot of time. But it does make learning an interesting and challenging thing.
Suitable methods for development : As students grow, they change the way they learn and how they deal with difficulties. Therefore, teachers need to know the different phases of child development, in order to be able to develop suitable teaching materials for each developmental stage.
In the classroom
Ability to control the classroom : An important characteristic of an effective and good teacher is that they should consider the class as a whole. Working in a team and using projects is a good opportunity. To achieve this, the teacher must have a range of skills. These include setting rules, organizing groups, monitoring tasks, dealing with bad behavior, etc.
Extremes have very negative consequences for teaching – whether it is too strict or too relaxed. They must be able to bring their class together in a democratic way.
Motivation skills : If students do not have the necessary motivation, the quality of teaching will be lower. So it is good for the teacher to use strategies to stimulate interest in the topic. Effective teachers turn educational tasks into creative and stimulating activities, which in turn improves the quality of education.
Communication skills: A teacher must be a good rapporteur and familiar with debates and presentations. A good teacher has no problem adapting his way of expressing himself to the needs of the student. We talk about communication, not only with students, but also the rest of the school area.
Differences and diversity
Recognition of individual differences : No two students are alike. Each one has its own qualities and learning profile. Being a good teacher means having the ability to recognize these individual differences. And not only that, they also have to adapt their teaching to each student.
Effective work with different cultural contexts : These days, it is quite normal to have very culturally diverse classrooms. Therefore, a subject teacher needs to know something about their students’ cultures, in order to improve the interaction in the classroom. Their role will be to encourage students to create positive relationships and prevent cultural conflicts.
Evaluation skills : An effective teacher is aware of each student’s level of education. To find out, they know how to use the various evaluation tools available and thus learn the strengths and weaknesses of their students. Today, teachers often use evaluations for testing, but this does not have to be the case. The real reason for the evaluation is to find out where the student is and then develop a suitable teaching for them.
Technological skills : Technology, if used properly, can be an effective tool for increasing the quality of education. Therefore, good teachers need up-to-date knowledge of new technologies. They also need to know how they can best be used in an educational environment. It is also important for the teacher to familiarize students with these technologies.
Now that we’ve seen all these qualities, we can see how much is required of teachers these days. It seems almost impossible for a single person to be able to meet all these requirements. And yet we can also see how much responsibility a teacher has, and we cannot afford for them to be less than what we have mentioned.
The teacher is a central figure in a student’s education. The consequence of having a bad teacher, even one who is mediocre, is that some of their students will not develop to their full potential. On the other hand, we must not ignore the fact that if we want good quality professionals, we must have quality teacher training.
It is true that attitude is of great importance, no less is knowledge and skills too . Investing in education is one of the best investments a society can make for its future.